برخی از مشاغل مکانیزاسیون کشاورزی(زبان اصلی)
Description: A program that generally prepares individuals to sell, select, and service agricultural or agribusiness technical equipment and facilities, including computers, specialized software, power units, machinery, equipment structures, and utilities. Includes instruction in agricultural power systems, planning and selecting materials for the construction of support facilities, mechanical practices associated with irrigation and water conservation, erosion control, and agricultural data processing systems.
Agricultural Mechanization & Business
The School of Agricultural, Forest, and Environmental Sciences at Clemson University is seeking to fill a full-time, 9-month, non-tenure track Lecturer position. The primary responsibility of this position is to teach classes for the Agricultural Mechanization and Business curriculum. Many of these courses are also either required or elective classes for several other degree programs within the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences. Other responsibilities may include: advise undergraduate students, serve as the co-advisor to the professional club, serve as a general mentor for students, serve as teaching laboratory supervisor to one or more laboratories, serve as faculty advisor to senior capstone groups, and perform other assigned tasks in support of teaching programs in the school. This position is a year to year appointment with three years of secured funding.
agricultural mechanization:Agricultural mechanization involves a study of the mechanical aspects of agricultural production, processing, distribution, and services. Instructional areas include: agricultural mechanics skills, agricultural power and machinery, electric power, agricultural structures, and soil and water management. http://
Process for the elaboration and implementation of an AMS (click to enlarge)
Increased agricultural production is most often brought about by the introduction of improved crop varieties and by creating an optimal environment such that the plants and animals can develop to their full potential. Planting, tending and harvesting a crop requires both a significant amount of power and a suitable range of tools and equipment. Mechanization of farming has allowed an increase to the area that can be planted and has contributed towards increased yields, mainly due to the precision with which the crop husbandry tasks can be accomplished. In fact, most farmers in developing countries experience a greater annual expenditure on farm power inputs than on fertilizer, seeds or agrochemicals.
Crop production systems have evolved rapidly over the past century and have resulted in significantly increased yields. Unfortunately, on some occasions the production systems have created undesirable environmental side-effects amongst which soil degradation and erosion, pollution from chemical fertilizers and agrochemicals and a loss of bio-diversity are just a few of the examples that have been highlighted over recent years. Furthermore, not only were some crop production systems found to be unsustainable in an environmental sense, in some locations neither were they sustainable in an economic sense. Of equal concern was the observation that in some cases it was only the work undertaken by men that was mechanized. The tasks traditionally performed by women remained unchanged although the work demanded of them increased as the area planted and the yields increased.
It is against this background that the work in agricultural mechanization has focused on the following aspects:
all types of farm power (human, animal and mechanical) including the related social, economic and environmental dimensions;
standards for farm tools, machinery and equipment, together with codes of conduct for their safe use (implemented in close collaboration with the plant production and protection division);
technical, policy and strategy issues concerning mechanization;
alternative crop establishment technologies such as conservation agriculture.
ntern - Programme Management, Beijing (I-1)
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
"… china, is a regional institution of escap. unapcaem is mandated to promote sustainable agricultural technologies and agricultural mechanization for food security for member states in asia and the pacific. unapcaem is committed to enhancing…"
Closing Date: Monday, 31 December 2012
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